Equality and non-discrimination being fundamental principles of the
United Nations Charter, adopted by world leaders in 1945, gender equality is at
the very heart of human rights. As women’s rights are human rights women are
entitled to all human rights. Right to live free from violence, right to enjoy
the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health right to right to
education, right to own property, right to earn an equal wage and all other
human rights must be ensured regardless of gender. However, millions of women
around the world continue to experience discrimination in the enjoyment rights.
Gender inequality underpins many problems which disproportionately affect women
and girls, such as domestic and sexual violence, lower pay, lack of access to
education. On 18 December 1979, the Convention
on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women was adopted by the United
Nations General Assembly. The convention covers areas such as civil rights and
the legal status of women, reproductive rights and many other rights to ensure
elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.