Economic, social and cultural rights
guarantee the freedoms and privileges of individuals and communities to lead
dignified lives. Economic and social
rights ensure basic human needs and socio-economic development of a country.
Economic rights include the right to work, the right to fair remuneration, a
safe working environment, the creation and association of trade unions etc. Social
rights include the right to health, the right to housing, the right to
education etc. Cultural rights include the right to the protection of culture
and tradition and the right to social and cultural opportunities. Economic, social and cultural rights are
regarded as second-generation rights. These rights are protected under various
international and regional instruments and also in national constitutions. The
International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is the broadest
instrument protecting those rights at the international level.